In the year 55o B.C Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenian Dynasty, and in the heart of pars, Pasargadae became the capital of the history’s first ever Great Emperor. pasargadae has been written and called in many different forms, including Pazagad,Parsagad and pasergad , and some have even related it to pars.
Following the all of Achaemenian Dynasty, the ancient language and script of persia were soon forgotten, and Pasargadae also lost its political importance, but its sacred memory lived on in people’s minds.
In Islamic era the place was called as Mausoleum of Martyred Mother of solomon or the Mausoleum of Martyred Mother of prophet. The choice of this Terminology was due to the emanating purity and opulence of the place, which was thought by Muslim travelers as being impossible for mere humans to build. It was for this same reason that cyrus tomb came to be known as solomon Mother’s Grave and the tall rock tower as the Solomon’s prison.
The most glorious and beautiful masterpiece in Pasargadae complex ,is the tomb of Cyrus the great which is stands still firm and stable during 25 centuries. The first European tourist who studied about pasargadae was Juzpe Barbaro from veniz who visited this place in 1474 A.D and his book proves that the tomb of Cyrus from that time was called Solomon Mother’s Grave .
The location of this palace was carefully choosen to be distant from the private palaces. It covers the area of 2472m on a northwest to southeasterly. The complex itself is composed of a number of sections: A large hall with eight columns, occupies the central point on an area of 705m. A small section of what was once a majestic floor covering has survived to this day.
Covering an area of 726m,this palace occupied the southeastern section of pasargadae. Eight columns, each reaching a height of 16m, support the ceiling of its 586m main hall. The column bases are in the form of double stepped cubes of black stone. Due to heavy damage sustained,
This Palace is situated at a distance of 1350 meters northwest of tomb of Cyrus and covered an area of 3192 meters . Its design and architectural details point to a private dwelling. It includes a central hall, two terraces to the east and west and two open spaces in the north and south.
Tal-e Thakht with the area of 20m2, was built on the hill since to be dominated to desert. the height of Tal-e Thakht is 50 meters. The view of Tal-e Thakht is made of carving stones which are connected together by metal joint. Breaking stones as a result of discovery the joints cause many harms to them.
One of the most magnificent monuments of the early Achamenian era is a square tower like structure, referred to as solomon’s prison by the Muslims. Today the single standing wall is the sole proof of its existence. some believe that it was the grave of cambyses the son and heir to Cyrus,